Man in his 20s has died from septicemic plague in the US, health authorities confirmBlau Medical News
The plague has recently made a comeback in various parts of the world, with the World Health Organisation categorising it as as a re-emerging disease.
The most recent case is a man in his 20s, who has died of the septicemic plague in the US state of New Mexico.
In the video above, 15-year-old boy dies from plague in Mongolia
His death comes just days after Chinese authorities sealed off a village in Mongolia because a resident had died from bubonic plague.
The New Mexico victim was from Rio Arriba County and was hospitalised before he died, the New Mexico Department of Health Friday said in a news release.
Plague is a bacterial disease of rodents that can be transmitted to humans through the bites of infected fleas or by direct contact with infected animals, including rodents, wildlife and pets, the release said.
Septicemic plague is a life-threatening infection of the blood, while the bubonic plague affects the lymphatic system.
Plague diseases can be treated effectively with modern antibiotics but can cause serious illness or death if not treated promptly, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC.
“Plague activity in New Mexico is usually highest during the summer months, so it is especially important now to take precautions to avoid rodents and their fleas which can expose you to plague,” said Department of Health Secretary Kathy Kunkel.
To avoid plague, people must prevent pets’ roaming and illnesses, use a flea control product on pets and move hay, wood and compost piles away from the home, the release advises.
This is the second case of plague reported in New Mexico this year, the state health department said.
Bubonic plague was diagnosed in a Santa Fe County man in his 60s, the agency reported July 27.
He was recovering at the time at a hospital, the agency said.
In recent decades, an average of seven cases of human plague have been reported each year in the United States, with a range of one to 17 cases per year, the CDC reports.
The death of a 15-year-old boy in Inner Mongolia from bubonic plague was China’s second confirmed case this year.
Nine of his close contacts and 26 secondary contacts were quarantined and tested negative, the Baotou Municipal Health Commission said in a statement on its website.
The plague has been responsible for widespread pandemics throughout history, including the so-called Black Death that caused over 50 million deaths in Europe during the fourteenth century.
According to the World Health Organisation, it can be found on all continents except Oceania, but most human cases since the 1990s have occurred in Africa.
Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar and Peru are the three most endemic countries.